Consider the military. Ignoring for a moment the Officer Class (who enjoy perks and benefits to a ridiculous degree of comfort, safety, and economy), the majority of soldiers survive in a profoundly egalitarian system. Labor is distributed evenly, as is salary. Food and housing are provided by the system. Achievement and reward is merit-based on individual talent, skill, and ability. Individuality is thoroughly discouraged. Identity and personality take second (actually, third, fourth, fifth, or more) place to cohesion and function of the whole. You remember how everyone in China wore the same clothes back in the day? That wasn’t because they didn’t have clothes or colorful fabric. I could go on building this case, but there are bigger points to make.
One being this: If you were looking for a conveniently collected source of Republican-leaning individuals, you’d go find a military barracks and start there. If you wanted freedom-loving, pro-individual, capitalist thinking, greed encouraging, free market, John Wayne, anti-government purists, you’d find the most stalwart, hard-core, uncompromising idealists in the most communist place in the country.
Now consider School. Schools are the most Darwinistic, survival-of-the-fittest, merit-based, unequal, capitalist jungles in our society. On the macro-level they are dependent upon the value and worth of their location for any kind of success at all. Do you live in an economic desert, someplace sparsely fed with that essential, water-like nourisher of schools: Money? School life is going to be hard and mean. Enjoy the metaphorical benefits of water and good soil? A diverse, thriving school economy, with ample opportunity for growth and success.
In school, everything depends upon your own individual, non-cooperative effort. Equality in schools is a barely maintained illusion. For one, you are constantly measured against your peers. Success or failure always arrives as a comparison against your classmates. Yes, nominally success in school is supposed to be independent of any variable but one’s own individual talents, but we all know this is nowhere near the truth. Every class is a competition. The foundational economy of grades guarantees it. And as in pure Capitalism (and pure Darwinism) success is a product of inherited traits, not individual success. Wealth, in schools, is the greatest predictor of future achievement.
School is, despite some modern efforts (and a lot of editorial grousing), intensely, fundamentally competitive. Conditions change dramatically from environment to environment (from school to school, to grade to grade, to class to class), so success is not merely a product of skill, but adaptability. As in nature, change occurs over time and distance. Survival depends on the ability to adapt either as the environment changes in time (as in year to year) or as one moves from one environment to another in place (as in class to class). School is a daily re-enactment – sped up to impossible levels – of that natural struggle. Students move from environment to environment, and their success is dependent upon their ability to shift gears, change processes, maximize and minimize specific traits to the landscape. One class may demand gregarious extroversion while another asks for introverted silence. One may use logic, the other creativity.
Inherited strength is fundamental in schools, as it is in Capitalism. Inherited capital has more power than developed. Success is far more likely if you enter school at a competitive advantage, whether that means you already know how to read, have an aptitude for math, or are the stock of parents who can afford tutors and encourage breakfast. If your parents are successful, you are likely to be so.
(One might be forgiven assuming that schools are more Fascist than Capitalist. After all, each classroom is ruled by a dictator with absolute authority. But a teacher receives so little physical reward from a student’s labor that they can hardly be said to be ‘exploitative’.)
I could go on building this case as well, but there is another point to make, namely: If you wanted to find the most liberal, socialist-leaning, anti-capitalist, anti-corporate, pro-big government, pro-union, competition-fearing, anti-bullying, marginalized-population-loving, suspicious-of-power group of people in the nation, you’d find the nearest public school and gather together the teachers.